Research Papers

In addition to regular Central Asia Security policy brief series, the OSCE Academy supports various research projects investigating important political, security or economic topics in Central Asia. Below are selected papers produced at various times by researchers affiliated with the Academy.

Between East and West: Kazakhstan’s development along China’s new Silk Road

The paper discusses Kazakhstan’s long-term development vision and its ambitious objectives. After presenting the history of the country’s infrastructural projects during Tsarist and Soviet times, it expounds Kazakh President Nazarbayev’s plan up to 2050 to convert the country into a logistics hub between East and West. It then proceeds to set Nazarbayev’s vision against Kazakhstan’s political economic reality, specifically how the leadership’s multi-vector foreign policy is faring between Russia’s regional integration projects and China’s westward push to develop Xinjiang province along the new Silk Road. Finally, the article identifies multiple challenges that may compromise the plan in the future: from the country’s looming political transition, lack of political freedoms and endemic corruption, to China’s Uighur question and Russia’s standoff with the West in Ukraine.

Click here to download this paper.

A version of this paper was originally published in Spanish in the Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals n. 110, September 2015. Available here.


Conflict Sensitivity in the Mining Sector of Kyrgyzstan

In January 2014 the OSCE Academy released the results of a study on “Conflict sensitivity in the mining sector of Kyrgyzstan”. The research was held between August and December 2013 by the OSCE Academy research team with financial support from the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). The project aimed at reviewing the national policies and activities pertaining to conflict management in the Kyrgyz mining sector, compiling detailed case studies of two locations and designing coursework materials that the Academy project to use in its annual International Certificate Training Programme in Conflict Sensitive Development. The project, led by Dr. David Gullette, included research activities in Bishkek and selected field sites.

Click here to download the report. Also, here you find a link to the interview Dr.David Gullette gave to the BBC Kyrgyz Service about this project.  Interview available in Kyrgyz language only.


General and Security Exceptions in Regional Trade Agreements 

By Dian Balan, Teaching and Research Fellow in 2012, OSCE Academy

This is a detailed survey of the Central Asian network of overlapping bilateral and plurilateral RTAs.
Inter-institutional interaction in perspective: The EU and the OSCE conflict prevention approaches in Central Asia.
Licínia Simão, Teaching and Research Fellow'10, OSCE Academy

This working paper deals with the inter-institutional relations between the EU and the OSCE, in the field of conflict prevention/preventive diplomacy in Central Asia. Please click here to download the presentation.


The Political Party Assistance in Central Asia

By Max Bader, Research and Teaching Fellow in 2010, OSCE Academy

Drawing on a discussion of political parties and party politics in Central Asia, this working paper entitled "The Curious Case of Political Party Assistance in Central Asia" questions the rationale behind party assistance in the region.


Electoral Politics and Ruling Party Formation in Post-Revolutionary Kyrgyzstan

By Kevin Koehler, Research and Teaching Fellow in 2009, OSCE Academy

This research project examined political dynamics in Kyrgyzstan since the 2005 "Tulip Revolution." What were the effects of this event on Kyrgyz political dynamics? Where is the country heading under its new leadership? What is the significance of the institutional changes observable in the country since 2007?
From January to May 2009, Kevin Koehler, Research and Teaching Fellow at the OSCE Academy, conducted field research on this topic. The preliminary results of this project are available in the form of a working paper entitled "Authoritarian Institution Building: Electoral Politics and Ruling Party Formation in Post-Revolutionary Kyrgyzstan."

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